Workplace Drug Programs, Sample Policies, and Cost Calculations
Resources from National Safety Council
The National Safety Council provides information on many safety, health and environmental topics on its homepage; training resources (worker safety, DDC, FAI, CPR); products; publications; news.
- Link to resources: nsc.org/Pages/Home.aspx
The National Safety Council webpage on the prescription drug crisis discusses how painkillers are driving addiction and overdose. The webpage highlights painkiller risks and offers a “what you can do” section to try at your workplace.
- Link to main website: http://www.nsc.org/learn/nsc-initiatives/pages/prescription-drug-abuse.aspx
- The sub-link for employers — Drugs at Work: What Employers Need to Know — contains a drug workplace cost calculator, free tools to address drug misuse, resources, reports and more.
- Link to employer website: http://www.nsc.org/learn/NSC-Initiatives/Pages/prescription-painkillers-for-employers.aspx
Prescription Pain Medications: A Fatal Cure for Injured Workers provides a legal review of workers compensation cases in which injured workers died of drug overdose and explores when these cases result in compensation from the employer.
Prescription Drug Employer Kit provides free checklists, tools and educational materials to address prescription drug use and misuse in the workplace.
- Link to tool: http://safety.nsc.org/rxemployerkit
The Proactive Role Employers Can Take: Opioids in the Workplace—Saving Jobs, Saving Lives and Reducing Human Costs
- Link to PDF: http://www.nsc.org/RxDrugOverdoseDocuments/proactive-role-employers-can-take-opioids-in-the-workplace.pdf
Real Costs of Substance Abuse in Your Workforce – A Substance Use Cost Calculator for Employers
Other Workplace Drug Program Resources
Texas Workforce Commission (TWC) provides information about drug testing in the workplace, with a sample drug-free workplace policy.
- Link to resources: twc.state.tx.us/news/efte/drug_testing_in_the_workplace.html
- Link to policy: twc.state.tx.us/news/efte/drug_free_workplace_policy.html
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) provides “The Drug-Free Workplace Toolkit” with information to help employers develop and sustain successful drug-free workplace programs. Use the toolkit to support workplace health and safety by creating and maintaining drug-free workplace policies and programs. These policies and programs may include preventing the misuse and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs; addressing substance misuse within the context of workplace health and wellness programs; and providing intervention services for employees and for their families.
- Link to toolkit: https://www.samhsa.gov/workplace/toolkit
The Office of Drug and Alcohol Policy and Compliance publishes regulations and provides official interpretations on drug and alcohol testing, including how to conduct tests and the evaluation and treatment procedures necessary for returning employees to duty after testing violations. The Office also coordinates the Department’s involvement with the President’s National Drug Control Strategy annually. (From Transportation.gov)
- Link to resources: https://www.transportation.gov/odapc
Drugs in Workplace a Danger to Workers and Drag on Productivity. (From Insurance Journal)
- Link to article: http://www.insurancejournal.com/news/national/2017/09/22/465108.htm
Worksheet for calculating cost of employee turnover, as featured in the Huffington Post article, How Much Does Employee Turnover Really Cost? by Jack Altman, CEO of Lattice as published online at Huffington Post, 01/18/2017 02:08 pm ET Updated Jan 19, 2017
- Link to Google Docs worksheet: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1BikDho6Odqp7uD6_q3050-T5jayx3orSKPM1ZXwUySI/edit#gid=0T
The Side-Effects of Alcohol and Drugs
Texas Department of Transportation’s “Driving While Intoxicated (DWI)” site with information on DWI statistics, as well as the potential DWI fines, jail time and other repercussions.
- Link to resources: http://www.txdot.gov/driver/sober-safe/intoxication.html
Calculate Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) (From HealthStatus.com)
A Substance Use Cost Calculator for U.S. Employers with an Emphasis on Prescription Pain Medication Misuse — discusses the underlying research for a cost calculator that determines employer costs with an emphasis on pain medication misuse.
- Link to article: http://journals.lww.com/joem/Fulltext/2017/11000/A_Substance_Use_Cost_Calculator_for_US_Employers.6.aspx
- Cost Calculator Methodology: https://www.shatterproof.org/resources/substance-use-cost-calculator-employers-methodology
Dying to Drink: Documents developed to provide more detailed information related to impaired driving, the effects of alcohol, underage drinking and driving and consequences of alcohol-related arrests.
- Link to documents: https://www.dyingtodrink.org/resources/
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) resources on Rx awareness
- Link to resources: https://www.cdc.gov/rxawareness/index.html
Roadwise Rx – a tool for understanding how medications may affect you and your driving.
- Link to website: http://www.roadwiserx.com/
Texas A&M Transportation Institute’s YouTube video on “Your DWI Quiz.”
- Link to video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H0DTwGslBp0
Working Partners offers a variety of free resources, such as brochures, presentation materials, articles and fact sheets and posters to help employers provide drug and alcohol education in the workplace.
- Link to resources: http://www.sapaa.com/mpage/wp_dfwp_materials
Drug Identification and Information
MedLine is a medical-based resource for information about drug, herbs and supplements. Learn about your prescription drugs and over-the-counter medicines. Includes side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more.
- Link to resources: https://medlineplus.gov/druginformation.html
The Pill Identification Wizard (Pill Finder) can help you match the imprint, size, shape, or color and lead you to the detailed description in our drug. (From Drugs.com)
- Link to tool: https://www.drugs.com/pill_identification.html.
Pill ID Quick Search provides free pill identification resources and information on prescription drug abuse. A subscription-based service is also available to professionals at Pill ID.com. (From DrugID.info)
- Link to resources: drugid.info/
Partnership for Drug Free Kids Drug Guide is a visual educational guide to drugs, arranged by category.
Drug Facts and Addiction
National Safety Council (NSC) provides a campaign—Stop Everyday Killers. It begins with the unveiling of Prescribed to Death: A Memorial to the Victims of the Opioid Crisis in Chicago. The exhibit includes a memorial wall made of pills – carved with faces that represent the 22,000 people lost last year to prescription opioid overdose. To reduce the number of opioids in circulation, NSC has created “Opioids: Warn Me” labels for insurance and pharmacy cards. These labels are intended to prompt a critical conversation between patients and prescribers about the risks of taking opioids and possible alternatives. The survey found one in three Americans prescribed an opioid in the last three years did not realize they were taking an opioid. As part of the campaign, Stericycle is providing pre-paid Seal&Send envelopes for returning unused medications. (From NSC)
- Link to website: http://stopeverydaykillers.nsc.org/
- Link to the “Opioids: Warn Me” labels and the Seal&Send envelopes: http://shop.nsc.org/Stop-Everyday-Killers-S136.aspx
The Foundation for a Drug-free World’s website has a comprehensive list of downloadable documentaries (Marijuana, alcohol, Ecstasy, Cocaine, Crack, Crystal Meth, Inhalants, Heroin, LSD, Prescription Drugs, Painkillers, etc.). Also for free download are booklets, posters, Public Service Announcements, and more. (From Foundation for a Drug-free World)
- Link to resources and videos: http://www.drugfreeworld.org/download.html
The Truth About Ecstasy documentary. Website contains other useful facts, resources and booklets. (From Foundation for a Drug-free World)
- Link to documentary: http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/ecstasy/imaginary-love-pill.html
The Truth About LSD documentary (short). Website contains other useful facts, resources and booklets. (From Foundation for a Drug-free World)
- Link to documentary (short): http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/lsd.html
The Truth About Inhalants documentary (short). Website contains other useful facts, resources and booklets. (From Foundation for a Drug-free World)
- Link to documentary (short): http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/inhalants.html
24-page booklet of facts about inhalants and addiction. (From Foundation for a Drug-free World)
- Link to PDF: http://f.edgesuite.net/data/www.drugfreeworld.org/files/truth-about-inhalants-booklet-en.pdf?_=dBRayB9F
Project GHB is a unique source of vital communication about the dangerous drug gamma hydroxy butyrate (GHB). (From Project GHB)
- Link to resources: projectghb.org
“You can’t stop what you don’t know” – Jermaine Galloway provides tools, resources and training to spot the signs of substance abuse.
- Link to Blog posts, services, resources and helpful links: https://www.tallcopsaysstop.com/
Opioids for Acute Pain – What You Need to Know. (From CDC)
Video on Opioid abuse: Behind Prescription Drug Overdose Statistics: Louie Miceli (From NSC)
- Link to video: https://youtu.be/UO4fje2mC_w
What Americans believe about opioid prescription painkiller use. (From NSC)
Preventing an Opioid Overdose: Know the Signs. Save a Life. Opioid Overdose Basics (From The CDC)
- Link to PDF: https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/pdf/patients/Preventing-an-Opioid-Overdose-Tip-Card-a.pdf
The JAMA Network’s article—Underlying Factors in Drug Overdose Deaths—Includes discussion on how preliminary data from CDC indicate that drug overdoses increased between 2015 and 2016—by more than 20%. (October 11, 2017) (From The JAMA Network)
- Link to the article: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2657548
The JAMA Network’s article—Contribution of Opioid-Involved Poisoning to the Change in Life Expectancy in the United States, 2000-2015—includes examining the impact of drug (particularly those involving opioids) and alcohol poisoning deaths on U.S. life expectancy from 2000-2015, comparing them with the 12 leading causes of death in 2015. (September 9, 2017) (From The JAMA Network)
- Link to the article: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2654372
Resources for Treatment Centers, Rehab and HELP-lines
The SAMHSA Drug-Free Workplace Helpline [1-800-WORKPLACE (967-5752)] provides confidential, practical, impartial, and up-to-date information, advice, and support free of charge to employees and their families. Topics cover a wide range of issues related to federal and non-federal Drug-Free Workplace Programs and drug testing. This service is designed to equip employees and their families with essential knowledge to resolve issues at work and/or in their personal lives. The helpline is staffed Monday through Friday by professional advisers, including workplace specialists and certified Employee Assistance Program (EAPs) providers. (From the Drug-Free Workplace)
- Link to website: samhsa.gov/workplace/resources/drug-free-helpline
Find help and treatment referrals at various help-lines and resources. (From SAMHSA)
- Link to resources: https://www.samhsa.gov/find-help
Texas Department of State Health Services—Substance Abuse Treatment Services with links to resources for getting help, treatment centers, projects and initiatives, data and more. (From Texas Health and Human Services)
- Link to resources: http://www.dshs.texas.gov/Substance-Abuse/
Alphabetical listing of Texas Addiction Centers & Programs. (From The Agape Center)
- Link to resources: theagapecenter.com/Treatment-Centers/Texas.htm
Helpful resources on treatment centers, types of treatment, issues, resources and more for drug and alcohol abuse. (From VeryWell)
- Link to resources: https://www.verywell.com/treatment-and-rehab-centers-4013265
Search engine for drug rehab centers and treatment programs based in Texas. (From Treatment-Centers.net)
- Link to resources: https://www.treatment-centers.net/directory/texas.html
Search engine for alcohol and drug rehab treatment centers in Texas. (From Rehab International Drug and Rehab Guides)
- Link to resources: rehab-international.org/texas-rehab
Texas Drug Alcohol Rehab Treatment Centers Near Me – How To Pick the Right Program: A list of recovery programs and reviews. (From Addict Help)
- Link to resources: https://www.addict-help.com/rehabs/texas-drug-alcohol-rehab-centers/
A list of Alcoholic Anonymous (A.A.) resources in Texas. (From Alcoholic Anonymous)
- Link to resources: https://www.aa.org/pages/en_US/find-aa-resources
Locator for Narcotics Anonymous meetings, helplines and websites for local groups near you. (From Narcotics Anonymous World Services)
- Link to resources: https://www.na.org/meetingsearch/
Dallas-based Council on Alcohol & Drug Abuse with an information helpline, online search tools, drug guide, impact reports, and a comprehensive database of mental health resources. (From The Council on Alcohol and Drugs)
- Link to resources: http://dallascouncil.org/resources/
Texas Department of Transportation’s Choose your Ride site helps users “Find a Sober Ride” from friends, public transportation, cab services and more. (From Save a Life – TxDOT)
- Link to resources: texasdwi.org
Other Useful Links and Agencies
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) – main site for highway safety information, statistics, technology and innovation, risky driving, recalls and more. NHTSA’s mission is to save lives, prevent injuries and reduce economic costs due to road traffic, crashes, through education, research, safety standards, and enforcement.
- Link to resources: https://www.nhtsa.gov/
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH) main website with information on drug abuse, trends and statistics, treatment options and other resources. (From NIH)
- Link to resources: https://www.drugabuse.gov/
National District Attorneys Association’s website with news, legal issues, courses, publications and materials.
- Link to resources: ndaa.org
NADDI is a drug diversion training organization with a networking platform for professionals involved in the field of pharmaceutical drug diversion. The NADDI networking platform provides the opportunity to bring diverse viewpoints, education, support, and resources to the individuals facing the challenges in the fight against the misuse and abuse of pharmaceutical drugs. NADDI facilitates cooperation between law enforcement, healthcare professionals, state regulatory agencies and pharmaceutical manufacturers in the prevention and investigation of prescription drug diversion. NADDI also sponsors and conducts specialized educational seminars and conferences. (From NADDI)
- Link to resources: https://www.naddi.org/
The Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) works to reduce drug use and its consequences by leading and coordinating the development, implementation, and assessment of U.S. drug policy. ONDCP also provides administrative and financial support to the President’s Commission on Combating Drug Addiction and the Opioid Crisis.
- Link to resources: https://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp
The National Rx Drug Abuse & Heroin Summit is where solutions are formulated, stakeholders convene, and change begins. Be part of the international discussion on addressing the opioid crisis by attending the 2018 Summit. (From The National Rx Drug Abuse & Heroin Summit)
- Link to the summit: https://vendome.swoogo.com/2018-rx-summit/61096
Information from the CDC
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) gives information on Opioid Overdose, including: opioid basics, prevention, information of patients and providers, state information, CDC publications, as well as a resource center for what you can do to prevent opioid overdose deaths.
- Link to website: https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR)—Deaths Involving Fentanyl, Fentanyl Analogs, and U-47700 — 10 States, July–December 2016 (November 3, 2017)
- Link to the report: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6643e1.htm?s_cid=mm6643e1_w
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR)—Illicit Drug Use, Illicit Drug Use Disorders, and Drug Overdose Deaths in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Areas — United States (October 20, 2017)
- Link to the report: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/ss/ss6619a1.htm?s_cid=ss6619a1_w
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR)— Trends in Deaths Involving Heroin and Synthetic Opioids Excluding Methadone, and Law Enforcement Drug Product Reports, by Census Region — United States, 2006–2015. (September 1, 2017)
- Link to the report: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6634a2.htm?s_cid=mm6634a2_w
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Annual Surveillance Report of Drug-Related Risks and Outcomes – United States, 2017. Includes results of the report; details of opioid prescribing; drug use, misuses, and substance use disorder; drug overdose mortality; and information on CDC’s opioid overdose surveillance and prevention efforts.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Rx Awareness: Impact of an Epidemic wants to help to prevent overdoses by sharing stories of Americans whose lives have been impacted by the opioid epidemic.
- Link to website: https://www.cdc.gov/features/rx-awareness/
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released several patient-centered materials aimed at educating people about opioid use for acute pain. All materials are free and available for download. Link to website: https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/patients/materials.html